It is estimated that twenty-seven countries in the world have nationality laws that discriminate against women. According to a 2014 study from Pew Research, countries like: Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Brunei, Burundi, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liberia, Lybia, Malaysia, Nepal, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Syria, Togo & the United Arab Emirates, have gender discriminating nationality laws.
Most of these laws do not permit a woman from passing on her citizenship to her children. Citizenship in these countries is usually only passed down to children through the father. This presents enormous challenges for women in all of these countries and results in children being born without a nationality, which will create a number of problems for them in the future including access to birth certificates, documentation, education, healthcare and employment.