The classical example is where state A confers nationality by descent while state B confers nationality by place of birth, but the combination of a particular individual’s birthplace and parentage is such that neither nationality is acquired. Neither state A nor state B necessarily have ‘bad’ laws or have picked out the person concerned as being undeserving of nationality, he or she simply fails to qualify under the regular operation of the rules of either state with which he or she has connections. Unless safeguards are in place in the law to prevent statelessness from arising, the regular operation of these states’ nationality laws can leave people stateless. While this may seem like an unlikely and marginal occurrence, the scale of international migration today is such that conflicts of nationality laws are becoming more commonplace, increasing the need for safeguards to ensure the avoidance of statelessness.